The Highway Code tells you what the law is as a road user and has specific sections for cyclists.It is advisable to wear a cycle helmet, make sure that any helmet you buy is an approved type and fits correctly. Many accidents involving cyclists happen because drivers do not see them. Wearing brightly coloured or fluorescent clothing during daytime and reflective material at night will make you more visible. Remember to be equipped for a change in the weather, carry warm and/or waterproof clothing.
Always have regard for your own safety and the safety of others. CONCENTRATE, try to ANTICIPATE what is going to happen ahead of you, and THINK SAFETY; don't take unnecessary risks. Remember to enjoy cycling and to set a good example to others. Mutual respect and consideration for other road users make for safer and more enjoyable travel. Always acknowledging a courtesy does make a difference. Be careful when passing horses and other animals - you could frighten them.
Always ensure that your cycle is roadworthy. Regular checks should include - all moving parts, giving special attention to brakes, tyres and lights. Fit and use the appropriate lights and bell - for safety reasons. It you intend going on a long cycle route it is advisable to carry - a pump; spare inner tube or puncture repair kit; tools and a mobile phone, (but don't use it and cycle at the same time !) Be careful not to overload your bike. You're safer with your belongings in a saddlebag or panniers, with the weight equally balanced on either side and nothing loose to become caught up in the wheels or chain. Always park your bicycle securely. It's best to get a 'U' lock. Make sure it is not in anyone's way and that it cannot fall down and injure somebody.
Enjoy the scenery but watch the traffic. As a cyclist you're using a vehicle just like any other rider or driver. You must obey the road traffic laws at all times. Watch that junction! - You should take great care at junctions - especially at roundabouts. Remember to look out for drivers cutting in front of you. Be particularly careful of large lorries that are turning left, you may be hidden in the vehicle's blind spot, so make sure the driver can see you and try to make eye contact in the vehicles mirror. Some cycle routes are hilly. Care should be taken when going down hill. Always be able to stop within your sighting distance. If a situation looks tricky, get off your bike and walk to a safe crossing point. For the young, elderly and the infirm pedestrians, cyclists can be intimidating. Please be considerate by making others aware of your presence. Pass slowly and give adequate clearance. Remember that as a cyclist you are subject to the rules of the road at all times, even on a cycle lane.